These are 25 of the most common wild herbs and plants that can be used medicinally. Always use expert identification when foraging for wild plants. Get a good field guide.
1. Amaranth- Leaves are astringent and used to stem profuse menstruation.
2. Anise- This herb is sometimes used by diabetics as a sugar substitute.
3. Asparagus (wild)- sometimes found alongside the road, this plant is useful as a diuretic, antiseptic, and treat fluke infections.
4. Bedstraw/Cleavers- Plant juice is used for kidney stones and cancer. Tea is used for skin disorders like eczema and psoriasis.
5. Bee Balm/ Bergamot- Tea is used for colds, sore throat, headaches, and fever. This expectorant tea is also good for bronchial complaints, and sinus congestion. It’s also good for arthritis, digestion, and flatulence, and can be rubbed on skin eruptions.
6. Burdock- This plant is used to treat gonorrhea and syphilis. It’s also good for scurvy, rheumatism, tonsillitis, flu, and as a poultice on sores, boils, and abscesses.
7. Carrot (wild)/ Queen Anne’s Lace- A tea made from the root is antimicrobial, diuretic, and a good wormer.
8. Chamomile- The flowers are used for tea to soothe indigestion, colic, hay fever, and asthma. Rub it on the skin for eczema and other skin irritations. You can also use it for herb baths.
9. Chickweed- Leaf tea is used as an expectorant for colds and flu.
10. Chicory- Chicory is sometimes used as a nerve tonic, liver tonic, a laxative, and may reduce inflammation. Makes great coffee too!
11. Cinquefoil/Silverweed- This herb is used to treat diarrhea, colitis, gastritis, and ulcers.
12. Dandelion- Root tea is used for laxative, and is diuretic. It also clears fever, breaks up congestion, and is good for increasing the appetite and digestion in anorexics.
13. Dock- Several varieties of Dock are used for anemia, to raise iron levels in pregnant women. The roots are used to treat ringworm, and as a laxative.
14. Garlic- may reduce blood pressure, lower cholesterol and blood sugar. Protects and heals from colds and flu infections.
15. Ginger- The root is used to colds, sore throat, and cough. Has antiseptic properties and can be used as a stimulant tonic.
16. Jerusalem artichoke- Tea is made from the flowers and leaves to treat arthritis. Tuber is good for diabetics because of its slow release of sugars.
17. Leeks- Tonic fights colds and flu. May reduce risk of heart disease.
18. Liverwort- Water from the boiled root is a good mosquito repellant. Roots and leaves are used for disorders of the kidney, gall bladder and liver.
19. Milkweed- Sap is used for treating warts, moles, and ringworm. Boiled roots are used for treating sterility, asthma, and dysentery.
20. Peppermint- Oil is used for colic. Tea treats colds, fever, and headache. Peppermint is also good for digestion. Crushed leaves rubbed on the skin reduces pain and lessens sensitivity. Tea and hard candies helps concentration.
21. Plantain- The seeds are used as a laxative. The Leaves are used for a poultice for burns, cuts, and scrapes. Tea also clears fever and promotes healing.
22. Sorrel- Tea is used to clear fever, blood clots, and reduce swelling. It has also been used for snakebite and cancer.
23. Spiderwort- poultice root is used to rub on skin cancers. Tea from leaves is used for stomach ache, and as an antiseptic. Tea made from the flowers are used for congestion.
24. Willow- Aspirin like tea is used for headaches, infections, fever reducer, cancer, and heart attacks.
25. Yarrow- Tea treats colds and flu. Mix dried leaves in lard for a good wound dressing.